Tiger reserves in India, A Walkththrough

Tiger reserves in India, A Walkththrough

Tiger reserves in India were established to revive the country’s declining tiger popular. There are more than 25 tiger reservers in India

There are many species of animals like tiger, lion, crocodile etc which needs protection because their number is continuously decreasing due to excessive hunting and destruction of their natural habitat.

Tiger is one of the least studied animals because of its conservative and solitary behaviour. There are about 18 sub species of tiger out of which three have become completely extinct.

List of Tiger Species

1.Pathera tigris balica
2. Panthera tigris tigris
3. Panthera tigris vigranta
3. Panthera tigris amoyensis
4. Panthera tigris corbetti
5. Panthera tigris sondaicus
6. Panthera tigris altaica
7. Panthera tigris sumatrae

Project Tiger

The project Tiger was aimed to establish a network of reserves, where tigers are protected from being killed by human beings. In these reserves tigers are allowed to live in their natural habitat and are protected from human intrusion.

Tiger reserves are the network of ecologically undisturbed forest areas with rich biodiversity that are exclusively reserved only to Tigers and other protected wild animals. The entire span of the Tiger reserve is protected and Human intervention is strictly prohibited. Each tiger reserve has a core zone of about 300 sq km along with plenty of buffer zone.

Let’s walkthrough important Tiger Reserves in India

Bandipur Tiger Reserve

Bandipur Tiger Reserve was established in 1930 in the forest areas of Karnataka. In this reserve, along with Tigers, elephants can also be seen.

Bandhavargh National Park

Bandhavargh Tiger Reserve is a private property of Maharaja of Riwa where large number of white tigers are seen. From here, few of the tigers were transported to different zoos in US and Europe.

Buxa Tiger Reserve

Buxa Tiger Reserve is Located in West Bengal and has been included in the Tiger Project since the year 1982. In Buxa Tiger Reserve, along with tiger, large numbers of migrating elephants are seen.

Corbett National Park

This Tiger Reserve was named after Jim corbett. It was originally known as Hailey’s National Park, which was established in 1936 and was one of the first important national parks in India. The Corbett National Park is situated in the foothills of Himalayas in Uttarakhand.

List of Tiger Reserves in India

Tiger Reserve StateCore Area Buffer Area Total Area
Bandipur Tiger ReserveKarnataka 335
sq km
335
sq km
690
sq km
Bandhavgar
National park
Madhya
Pradesh
_ _593
sq mi
BhadraKarnataka _ _ 1904
sq mi
BuxaWest Bengal _ _ 290
sq mi
Corbett ParkUttarakhand 320
sq km
200
sq km
520
sq km
DudhwaUttar
Pradesh
_ _ 495.9
sq mi
IndravatiMadhya
Pradesh
_ _ 485.86
sq mi
JaladparaWest Bengal _ _ 83.59
sq mi
Kalkad
Mundanthurai
Tamilnadu 520
sq km
_ 520
sq km
KanhaMadhya
pradesh
940
sq km
1005
sq km
1945
sq km
KazirangaAssam _ _170
sq mi
ManasAssam 360
sq km
2480
sq km
2840
sq km
MelghatMaharashtra 311
sq km
1260
sq km
1571
sq km
MehaoArunachal
Pradesh
_ _ 281.5
sq km
MudumalaiTamilnadu _ _ 124
sq mi
Nagarjuna
Sagar
Andhra
Pradesh &
Telangana
_ _ 1439
sq mi
NamdaphaArunachal
Pradesh
_ _ 766
sq mi
PalamauBihar 210
sq km
720
sq km
930
sq km
PenchMaharashtra _ _1130
sq mi
PeriyarKerala 350
sq km
427
sq km
777
sq km
RanthambhoreRajasthan 167
sq km
255
sq km
352
sq km
SariskaRajasthan 350
sq km
450
sq km
800
sq km
SimlipalOdisha 300
sq km
2450
sq km
2750
sq km
SunderbansWest Bengal 1330
sq km
1255
sq km
2585
sq km
TandobaMaharashtra 116
sq km
_ 116
sq km