Betta Fish Care, Diet, and Supplies

betta fish

Having the option to take care of a betta fish, implies comprehending what makes them glad and healthy. It likewise implies comprehending what causes pressure and disease so you can stay away from it. In our thorough betta fish care guide, you’ll get the hang of all that you have to know to advance a healthy territory. This incorporates the suggested tank size, water quality and upkeep, feeding, and considerably more!

With appropriate care, your betta could satisfy ten years regardless of their normal existence of 2-4 years. This discrepancy is to a great extent because of falsehood in pet stores, on the web, and from other betta proprietors. Betta fish are a wonderful and shrewd species of fish and merit legitimate care.

Taking care of your betta requires little training and obligation regarding the two children and grown-ups. The excellent betta is truly tough and economical to buy and keep up, and they can bring long stretches of friendship and happiness.

In case you’re understanding this, odds are you as of now have your betta fish at home. If not, applaud yourself for doing explore preceding buying one. Realizing how to take care of a betta before you get one will make things much simpler; especially when buying a tank and different extras just because.

Betta Care: Healthy Versus Sick Checklist

You ought to have the option to distinguish the distinction between a healthy and a wiped out betta. This influences what kind of care you should give that person after some time. In any event, when first buying a betta fish, it’s imperative to pick one that is healthy. Experienced caretakers, nonetheless, may buy debilitated bettas to help spare them from death and disease. The following are regular attributes of healthy and debilitated bettas.

Healthy Betta Fish

o             Swim-up to examine when you draw near to their environment

o             Are forceful and may flare at you or other boosts

o             Possess brilliant hues, especially guys

o             Are hungry and eat consistently

o             Undamaged balances

Debilitated Betta Fish

o             Loss of hunger for broadened timeframes

o             Lethargic and frequently stowing away

o             Dull shading, especially in guys

o             Tattered balances with dark edges

o             White developments on body or mouth

o             Swimming unusually

o             Labored relaxing

o             Clamped balances

o             Bloated

Betta Tank Size And Environment

o             5 gallons is suggested, 2.5 is indisputably the base.

o             Smaller tanks are more work, requiring expanded upkeep.

o             No bowls. Those are for eating grain out of!

o             Betta fish are jumpers, consistently secure a cover on your tank.

o             Don’t confine access to the water’s surface, or fill your tank to its greatest limit.

o             Betta fish need normal day and night light cycles.

o             Tankmates are dubious, visit our guide for more data.

o             Never place 2 guys or a male and female in a similar tank except if rearing.

o             Females can live respectively in a “sorority” of at least 5.

o             Consider a tank divider to house two bettas in a solitary tank.

Unquestionably the base tank size for a healthy betta is 2.5 gallons with the suggested size being 5 gallons or more. Bigger tanks are simpler to keep up nitrogen cycles and temperature and require less frequent cleanings. Perhaps the greatest legend in regards to bettas is the way they can live fine and dandy inside a small bowl or container. To place this into perspective, you could live to make due inside a minuscule wooden box as well whenever given food and water right? You wouldn’t be glad or healthy, however.

In the wild, the betta splendid lives in shallow oxygen-lacking streams, rice paddies, and puddles, however huge numbers of these zones are as yet far-reaching in water volume. Your betta needs space to swim around and spots to cover up. Additionally, you’ll appreciate the person in question substantially more in the event that they have plentiful space to put on an act.

Never fill your tank to the most extreme volume. Betta fish need access to the water’s surface to swallow air utilizing their unique maze organ. The maze organ permits them to extricate oxygen from the air and not simply the water by means of their gills. This is the reason bettas don’t require pneumatic machines. Additionally ensure you have a cover on your tank in light of the fact that bettas are incredible jumpers, and may jump directly out of your tank. It happens constantly and is a pitiful method to lose a betta.

Light: Natural And Artificial

Betta fish need normal or fake light while they are conscious during the day, and dimness around evening time so they can rest. This sets up a standard day and night design, managing their inward natural clock. Plants and different designs give shade on the off chance that they would like to escape direct lighting for a while.

Keep away from direct daylight entering your tank since it can quickly raise the water’s temperature to hazardous levels and touch off undesirable green growth development. Fake lighting is suggested, setting your betta fish’s environment away from windows. Along these lines you control light being on during the day, and off around evening time with the straightforward bit of a catch.

Tank Mates

Some bettas are too forceful to even think about living with different occupants, yet they can get along with certain tank mates that are non-forceful and don’t have any splendid hues or long blades. The explanation the betta is known as the Siamese battling fish is a result of the male’s intense forcefulness. This was uplifted from particular rearing during the 1800s is as yet a piece of their hereditary cosmetics.

Achievement increments by including network fish with bettas in bigger tanks that have a lot of spaces to stow away. Utilize an 8-10 gallon or bigger aquarium to give enough space to an appropriate network environment.

Try not to place two guys in a similar tank since they will battle and nip at one another, probable until one is dead or seriously focused. This is brutal and ought to never be finished! Guys ought to likewise never be housed with a female except if they are reproducing for brief timeframes and afterward isolated.

Guys will show forceful conduct against females as well. Females, in any case, can live respectively in gatherings of at least five, yet the tank size should twofold to 10 gallons or more. A decent dependable guideline is 1 gallon for every 1 inch of each fish. On the off chance that you have 5 females, every 2 inches, that would mean a 10-gallon tank.

Plants, Hideouts, And Decorations

o             Betta fish need plants and concealing spots to feel safe.

o             Mimic a betta fish’s normal living space to lessen pressure.

o             Live plants are perfect for their additional cleaning benefits.

o             Fake plants and leaves ought to be silk and not sharp plastic.

o             Be careful of sharp edges on refuges and beautifications.

A significant piece of caring for a betta fish includes ensuring they are content and not pushed. Copying their normal environment is the most ideal approach to achieve that. Bettas love spots to stow away so they can feel safe, especially when resting. Consider concealing spots like their homes.

Their characteristic living space has loads of spots to cover up, including substrate, shakes, plants, and sticks. Live plants are the best for aquariums on the grounds that they can help expel alkali from the water (for example Amazon Sword) and they’re delicate.

Try not to stress however, counterfeit plants are fine as well, and they are reasonable and strong. Their quality has truly improved as of late and look practically indistinguishable from the genuine article. Be careful with counterfeit plants and designs since they can harm your betta’s balances.

Every counterfeit plant and leaves ought to be silk if conceivable. Logs and different hideaways ought to likewise be inspected for sharp edges and sanded down if fundamental. Betta proprietors like to utilize what is known as the ‘pantyhose test’, running it down the plant or enhancement to check whether it tangles. In the event that it does, the plant or safehouse will probably catch a betta’s sensitive balances as well.

Water Temperature And Quality

o             Maintain a tropical habitat at 76-81 degrees Fahrenheit.

o             Betta fish prefer water in the pH range of 6.5-7.5.

o             Ammonia should ideally be zero parts per million (ppm).

o             Nitrate should be less than 40 parts per million (ppm).

o             Nitrite should ideally be zero parts per million (ppm).

o             Use a water conditioner/dechlorinator to make tap water safe for bettas.

o             Use an aquarium thermometer to monitor your tank’s temperature.

o             filters reduce ammonia, nitrate, and nitrite levels, and preserve healthy bacteria.

o             Avoid drastic changes in water temperature and water quality.

o             Use test strips to monitor water parameters.

Never let the water in your tank drop below 65 degrees or go above 82 degrees, and try to keep it in the range of 76 to 81 degrees Fahrenheit. This is the temperature bettas are happiest and active at.

This is the quickest way to reduce their potential lifespan. The only time a heater is not required is if the surrounding temperature in the room the tank is in is at least 78 degrees Fahrenheit.

Thermometer And Heater

Purchase an aquarium-safe thermometer to record the water’s temperature. heaters that are adjustable and contain a built-in thermostat are the best solutions.

When changing the temperature and water conditions, do it slowly and methodically. Abrupt changes can stress your fish and even cause adverse health consequences.


While filters aren’t mandatory, they are highly encouraged for aquariums larger than 3 gallons. filters reduce harmful bacteria while supporting healthy bacteria. They are your little helpers when it comes to tank maintenance and caring for your betta fish. A filter is relatively inexpensive and is best when included with an entire setup.

Betta fish are not very strong swimmers and a filter can stress them out if the current is too strong. Prolonged agitation can lead to ripped fins, acute stress, and even death. Choose a filter that is adjustable or recommended for a betta fish. Baffle intake tubes and exits with pre-filters if necessary to reduce strong currents.


Water added to the tank must be free of chlorine and other contaminants. If you use tap water, be sure to use a betta water conditioner to remove chlorine, chloramine, ammonia, and other heavy metals. This prevents any potential harm or death. Never use distilled water either, because it has been stripped of all the essential minerals that bettas need to thrive on.

They do best in the pH range of 6.5 to 7.5 (7 is neutral). Some tap water and spring water may be significantly higher than 7.5 which means you should always test your water before adding it to your betta’s tank. Consider purchasing a pH kit to keep it in a healthy range if necessary.

Also consider adding aquarium salt to your aquarium’s water to reduce stress and swelling, and to promote healthy fins.

Habitat Care, Cleaning, And Maintenance


o             A clean habitat promotes a healthy and happy betta fish.

o             Proper betta care includes a systematic maintenance schedule.

o             Non-filtered and smaller tanks require more frequent maintenance.

o             Do not clean an aquarium, substrate, decoration with soap.

o             distilled white vinegar and regular bleach can be used as cleaning agents.

o             Only remove your betta fish during 100% water changes.

o             Monitor water parameters with test kits and strips.

Keeping a betta’s tank (ecosystem) clean is crucial to their health and happiness. As your betta consumes food, digests it, and eventually gets rid of it (poop!), it ends up in the tank’s water. The smaller the tank, the quicker it becomes polluted.

One of the most common issues linked to poor betta health is sustained exposure to increased levels of ammonia and nitrites. Water quality declines as ammonia build up from waste and uneaten food. This forces the pH level of the water to get out of a healthy range.

Your fish will be swimming in its own waste and over time can lead to illness or even death. A good filter can help reduce these levels and establish healthy bacteria in tanks 3 gallons or larger. filters are not recommended for tanks smaller than 3 gallons.

How Often Should You Clean A Betta Fish’s Tank?

A systematic maintenance schedule must be adhered to. Tanks under 3 gallons will need more frequent and complete water changes to avoid dangerous levels of ammonia. It can be done, it’s just more work.

Non-filtered tanks require 1-2 water cycles at around 25% and a full 100% water change each week (depending on water quality). A 5-gallon filtered tank will only need 1-2 water cycles per week at around 25% of total volume and a 100% water change once per month depending on water quality.

Keep a pH kit in your supplies to test your tank’s water. Smaller tanks and those that are unfiltered are more work in the long-run because of how rapidly the water’s quality can decline. Remember, adding live plants can also help reduce ammonia levels in the water naturally.

Water cycling (removing some and adding new) and changes (complete volume replacement) are necessary for filtered tanks too but are more frequent and important in non-filtered habitats. If you’re only cycling the water, don’t remove your betta. Unnecessary removal can lead to potential stress and injury.

Betta fish get used to their ecosystem and don’t like abrupt changes to it. Because of this, you should cycle more than you do a complete change. Removing too much of the existing water in the tank and then adding new can cause your fish to go into shock. This may be due to changes in water parameters or temperature.

Removing 25-50% of the tank water and refilling with similar temperature and pH dechlorinated water is the safest route. Whenever adding new tap water, make sure to use dechlorination drops or spring water that has chlorine already removed.

How To Clean Your Tank And Decorations

Cleaning your tank and its decorations is very important for your betta fish’s health. Only use approved aquarium decorations and materials that are safe for fish. Use a magnetic or algae cleaning wand for regular algae removal while the tank is filled.

filters and their media should be cleaned by rinsing them in existing tank water to preserve healthy bacteria. Other components should be cleaned and disinfected. Never clean a tank or its components with soap! It’s very tough to remove all the soap and it can poison your betta once the tank is refilled.

All existing and new decorations (including stones) should be washed thoroughly with hot, hot water to remove dust and other contaminants. If you want to increase the cleaning power, you can use distilled white vinegar to remove stubborn stains and smells.

Regular bleach that is free of detergents and perfumes is another excellent and powerful cleaning option; especially after disease. Use a 10% mixture: 9 cups of water to 1 cup of bleach. Do not let the mixture stay on any aquarium or decoration’s surface longer than 10 minutes. Always rinse, rinse, rinse all surfaces with clean water to remove any bleach traces before refilling.

Food And Feeding

o             Betta fish are carnivores – they need protein-rich food.

o             Keep the water’s surface unobstructed, they are surface feeders.

o             Bettas tend to be picky eaters and may prefer a different brand or blend.

o             Overfeeding causes a lot of adverse health problems.

o             feed 2-4 pellets, 1 to 2 times daily.

o             A varied diet is the best diet.

Part of betta fish care means regular feedings! In the wild, bettas feed on insects and their larvae on the water’s surface.

The Most Common Ingredients Are Meat, Fish, And Shrimp.

Betta fish can be very picky eaters too. Persistent refusal may mean trying a different brand or blend until you find the right one. Betta’s also love treats once in a while, but they might start to prefer them if you overdo it.

Freeze-dried bloodworms and brine shrimp are a betta’s favorites. Some owners prefer to use freeze-dried bloodworms or shrimp as their exclusive food source. Breeders may also stay away from manufactured pellets and flakes, opting for live foods to prepare for shows and breeding. The most important part, however, is ensuring a rich and varied diet.


It’s hard to gauge how much you should be feeding a betta. Food labels are often unclear and inconsistent. Their stomach is roughly the size of their eye and pellets can expand after they’re ingested. Overfeeding leads to bloating, constipation, swim bladder issues, and a build-up of uneaten food in the tank.

Betta Fish Care, Diet, and Supplies
Scroll to top